, officially known as the Republic of Cameroon, is a West African country located in Central Africa. It has an area of 466,050 square kilometers and an estimated population of 26.1 million people in 2022. The capital city is Yaoundé.
Cameroon is home to various ethnic groups such as the Fang, Bamileke and Bamum, Duala, and Fulani, as well as Pygmies who are locally known as Baguielli and Babinga. French and English are the two official languages, while Fula, Bamileke, and Duala are also widely spoken. Christianity (mainly Roman Catholic and Protestant) and Islam (mainly in the north) are the two dominant religions. The currency used is the CFA franc.
The country’s geography is divided into four regions. The southern region consists of coastal plains and a densely forested plateau. The central region includes the Adamawa Plateau and rises progressively to the north. In the north, there is a savanna plain which slopes downward towards the Lake Chad basin. To the west and north along the Nigerian border, the relief is mountainous and includes Mount Cameroon. The main rivers include the Sanaga which drains into the Atlantic Ocean, and the Benue which flows westward into the Niger River basin in Nigeria.
Cameroon has a developing market economy based primarily on petroleum and agriculture but with a growing services sector. It is a unitary multiparty republic governed by a president and prime minister. Its legislative houses consist of the Senate (100 members) and National Assembly (180 members).
In summary, Cameroon is a West African country located in Central Africa. It has various ethnic groups, multiple languages, two major religions, and a developing market economy. It is a unitary multiparty republic with two legislative houses.