Climate and monthly weather forecast

Flag of Cameroon
Flag of Cameroon

The climate of Cameroon

Cameroon, a vibrant country in Central Africa, boasts a varied topography that ranges from coastal plains to plateaux, and mountains. Its diverse geography lends itself to equally varied climate conditions. The southern region is equatorial, characterized by consistent high humidity and temperatures fluctuating between 20 to 25°C (77°F). In this area, four distinct seasons unfold: two dry and two wet, with rainfall exceeding 1,0mm (0") annually. Douala, along the coastal plain, experiences an intense "hyperhumid" climate with a notable absence of a dry season. The southern Cameroon plateaux and the southern coastal plain showcase a Guinean-type climate endemic to the Congo Basin forest.

The northern part of Cameroon, in contrast, manifests a tropical climate subdivided into three types. Higher altitudes, as seen in the Adamaoua region, exhibit a humid tropical climate with moderate temperatures around 20°C (68°F) and bountiful rainfall, averaging 1,500mm (19.69") per year. The tropical Sudanese climate, found around the Bénoué basin, presents higher temperatures, and although the rainfall is substantial (1,300mm (11.81") annually in Garoua), the dry season extends to six months. Finally, the Sudano-Sahelian tropical climate of the northern desert regions typifies high temperatures, scant rainfall, and an eight-month-long dry season.

The best time to visit Cameroon

Cameroon offers varying climatic conditions throughout the year. However, the period from November to February is widely regarded as the most ideal time for a visit. During these months, the weather across the country remains relatively cool and dry, providing favourable conditions for wildlife viewing and outdoor activities. The cool Harmattan wind blowing from the Sahara desert moderates temperatures, making these months pleasant for visitors. Furthermore, this period coincides with many cultural festivities that travelers can partake in, enhancing their Cameroonian experience.

The worst time to visit Cameroon

The least favourable time to visit Cameroon is typically during the peak rainy seasons, primarily from May to June and September to October in the south. In these months, the country experiences heavy rainfall, making travel difficult due to poor road conditions. Moreover, high humidity levels could prove uncomfortable for some travelers. In the northern region, the rainy season spans from July to September, characterized by high heat and sporadic yet intense rain showers. During these times, it may become challenging to explore the country's natural wonders and engage in outdoor activities.

Spring weather in Cameroon

Cameroon, being in the tropics, does not experience the conventional four seasons as observed in temperate regions. Nevertheless, March to May can be considered its equivalent to spring, with the south experiencing its first major rainy season. Rainfall ranges from 120 to 180mm (7.09") per month, with temperatures varying between 24 to 29°C (84.2°F). The northern part of the country remains relatively dry, with temperatures ranging from 30 to 35°C (95°F), offering a warmer and drier climate for exploration.

Summer weather in Cameroon

June to August, akin to a northern hemisphere summer, witnesses a split in weather patterns between the north and south. In the south, a short dry season occurs with temperatures hovering between 23 to 27°C (80.6°F). The north, conversely, experiences its rainy season with temperatures varying from 28 to 32°C (89.6°F) and rainfall averaging 150mm (5.91") per month. Despite the rains, this period can provide opportunities for bird watching, as many migratory species flock to Cameroon's diverse habitats.

Autumn weather in Cameroon

Between September and November, which corresponds to autumn in temperate regions, Cameroon's south enters its second rainy season, characterized by heavy precipitation (150 to 200mm (7.87") per month) and temperatures from 22 to 26°C (78.8°F). The north begins to cool down with temperatures ranging from 25 to 30°C (86°F) and the cessation of the rainy season, heralding the beginning of the dry and dusty Harmattan season.

Winter weather in Cameroon

From December to February, mirroring the winter season, Cameroon experiences a significant drop in precipitation throughout the country. In the south, the temperatures oscillate between 22 to 28°C (82.4°F) with rainfall averaging 20 to 30mm (1.18") per month. In the north, the Harmattan wind reduces temperatures to a range of 20 to 25°C (77°F). Despite the dusty conditions brought by the Harmattan, these months are generally the most comfortable for exploration and wildlife viewing.

Weather in January

January presents one of the most favourable weather conditions for visiting Cameroon, falling within the dry season across the country. The southern regions, including notable cities like Yaoundé and Douala, experience relatively cool conditions with temperatures fluctuating between 22 to 31°C (87.8°F). Weather in January »

Weather in February

As Cameroon transitions into February, the dry season continues across the country. However, slight shifts in weather patterns and temperature variations become more evident compared to January. In the southern region, including the cities of Yaoundé and Douala, the weather remains largely dry, with minimal rainfall levels around 30 to 40mm (1.57"), slightly higher than the preceding month. Weather in February »

Weather in March

As March unfolds in Cameroon, a transition begins to take place, with the southern regions slowly moving towards their first rainy season of the year. In the south, including the cities of Yaoundé and Douala, the weather starts to shift noticeably. Weather in March »

Weather in April

April heralds significant climatic shifts across Cameroon. The southern regions are firmly entrenched in their first rainy season of the year, while the northern regions experience increasing temperatures. In the south, cities like Yaoundé and Douala witness a substantial rise in rainfall with monthly totals averaging between 150 to 180mm (7.09"). Weather in April »

Weather in May

May brings further climatic intensification to Cameroon, with the rainy season in full swing in the south and the onset of extreme heat in the north. In southern cities such as Yaoundé and Douala, rainfall reaches its peak for the first half of the year, with monthly averages ranging from 200 to 250mm (9.84"). Weather in May »

Weather in June

As Cameroon moves into June, the south begins to experience some relief from the rainy season while the north begins to see the onset of its own rainy period. In the southern region, including cities such as Yaoundé and Douala, rainfall begins to decrease, with totals averaging between 150 to 200mm (7.87") for the month. Weather in June »

Weather in July

July in Cameroon is a month of relative reprieve in the south, and increasing rainfall in the north. In the southern cities of Yaoundé and Douala, the first rainy season comes to an end with rainfall levels dropping to an average of 100 to 150mm (5.91") for the month. Weather in July »

Weather in August

August in Cameroon is characterized by contrasting weather patterns, with the south experiencing a short dry spell and the north in the midst of its rainy season. In the southern cities of Yaoundé and Douala, the rainfall continues to decrease, with totals averaging between 70 to 120mm (4.72") for the month. Weather in August »

Weather in September

September in Cameroon marks a significant shift in the country's weather patterns as the southern region enters its second rainy season and the north starts to transition out of its rainy season. In the southern cities of Yaoundé and Douala, rainfall begins to increase again, with totals averaging between 120 to 180mm (7.09") for the month. Weather in September »

Weather in October

October in Cameroon brings further diversification in weather patterns, with the intensification of the rainy season in the south and a continued decrease in rainfall in the north. In the southern cities of Yaoundé and Douala, the second rainy season reaches its peak, with monthly rainfall averaging between 250 to 300mm (11.81"). Weather in October »

Weather in November

November brings a notable transition in Cameroon's climate, with the south experiencing decreasing rains and the north moving deeper into its dry season. In the southern cities of Yaoundé and Douala, the second rainy season begins to recede, with rainfall levels dropping to an average of 150 to 200mm (7.87") for the month. Weather in November »

Weather in December

December in Cameroon heralds the onset of drier conditions across the country, with the south exiting its rainy season and the north fully entrenched in its dry season. In the southern cities of Yaoundé and Douala, rainfall continues to decrease, with totals averaging between 50 to 100mm (3.94") for the month. Weather in December »


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