Climate and monthly weather forecast
Amsterdam, Netherlands

Bicycles parked on a bridge on river Amstel in Amsterdam, Netherlands
Bicycles parked on a bridge on river Amstel in Amsterdam, Netherlands

The climate of Amsterdam

Amsterdam has a marine type of climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb) with mild, refreshing summers and cold, humid winters. Amsterdam, the capital of Netherlands, lies on the Amstel River in North Holland. The city has an extensive network of canals that links it to the North Sea through the North Sea Canal. The proximity to the North Sea has a significant influence on the climate of the region.

Amsterdam's average elevation is approximately 2 meters below sea level as the Amstel River culminates in the city center to connect a large number of canals. The topography consists of rivers, canals, low-lying lands enclosed by embankments, flood plains, and marshlands. More than 1500 bridges cross the city over its lovely canals. The southwest part of the city consists of a sizeable human-made forest, as 12% of the land area is made of parks and natural reserves.

Summers are moderate in Amsterdam as the average high temperature hardly reaches up to 22.2°C (72°F) at the peak of August. The surrounding bodies of water on three sides and heat island effect keep winters mild in the city. Extreme cold is rare, although the average low temperature drops to 0.6°C (33.1°F) during the peak winter month of February. The period from October to March is mostly cloudy and moist. Spring and autumn have mild conditions, but the latter is wetter than the former.

Amsterdam has moderate sunshine of 1662 hours annually, and the sun rays are warm at best. The annual precipitation is to the tune of 838mm (32.99") and occurs throughout the year, with more rainfall in the second half of the year. The average humidity is 83% and is at its peak during the winter. Snowfall lasts for 26 days during the winter and registers 203mm (7.99") to 254mm (10").

The highest recorded temperature in Amsterdam is 35.7°C (96.3°F), while the lowest temperature on record is -19.7°C (-3.5°F).

The best time to visit Amsterdam

The best time to visit Amsterdam is from April to May during the spring, and September to October during the autumn. The temperatures are in the moderate range, and the conditions are pleasant. Spring receives less rain than the autumn, but light precipitation is always around the corner in Amsterdam. The tulip season begins around mid-March with fewer crowds compared to May when the city celebrates Queen's Day and Liberation Day. October has the advantage of cheaper flights and accommodations.

The worst time to visit Amsterdam

The worst time to visit Amsterdam, if there is any, is from December to February during the winter. The cold season sees occasional temperatures below freezing along with an increase in rainfall. The sunlight fades to register only 1.5 hours daily in December, which has the shortest days of the year. Overcast skies and persistent rain add to the frosty nights. Snowfall is common during the winter, but some people may enjoy exploring the city while skating on the frozen canal waters.

Weather hazards

Amsterdam has the most significant weather hazards in the form of storms and floods. The surrounding water bodies and the low elevation, which is below sea level, present a significant risk of floods. Amsterdam has vast tracts of polder lands that need consistent protection from flooding. Additionally, storms that approach from the sea pose a threat to the city. A system of dikes and surge barriers is in place to prevent rising sea level concerns.

Weather in January

January, like December, in Amsterdam, Netherlands, is another cold winter month, with an average temperature fluctuating between 2.4°C (36.3°F) and 5.3°C (41.5°F). With an average high-temperature of 5.3°C (41.5°F) and an average low-temperature of 2.4°C (36.3°F), January is the coldest month. Weather in January »

Weather in February

The last month of the winter, February, is a chilly month in Amsterdam, Netherlands, with temperature in the range of an average low of 2°C (35.6°F) and an average high of 6°C (42.8°F). In February, the average high-temperature is essentially the same as in January - a frosty 6°C (42.8°F). Weather in February »

Weather in March

The first month of the spring, March, is still a chilly month in Amsterdam, Netherlands, with an average temperature varying between 9.4°C (48.9°F) and 3.5°C (38.3°F). In Amsterdam, the average high-temperature in March marginally rises from 6°C (42.8°F) in February to a still frosty 9.4°C (48.9°F). Weather in March »

Weather in April

April in Amsterdam, Netherlands, is a mild spring month, with temperature in the range of an average low of 6.3°C (43.3°F) and an average high of 13.7°C (56.7°F). In April, the average high-temperature slightly increases from a chilly 9.4°C (48.9°F) in March to a moderate 13.7°C (56.7°F). Weather in April »

Weather in May

May, the last month of the spring in Amsterdam, is an enjoyable month, with an average temperature fluctuating between 9.2°C (48.6°F) and 16.2°C (61.2°F). In May, the average high-temperature is almost the same as in April - a comfortable 16.2°C (61.2°F). Weather in May »

Weather in June

The first month of the summer, June, is also an enjoyable month in Amsterdam, Netherlands, with temperature in the range of an average high of 19.2°C (66.6°F) and an average low of 12°C (53.6°F). In Amsterdam, the average high-temperature in June marginally rises from a comfortable 16.2°C (61.2°F) in May to a still enjoyable 19.2°C (66.6°F). Weather in June »

Weather in July

July in Amsterdam, Netherlands, is a pleasant summer month, with an average temperature ranging between min 14.3°C (57.7°F) and max 21.3°C (70.3°F). In July, the average high-temperature is practically the same as in June - a pleasant 21.3°C (70.3°F). Weather in July »

Weather in August

August, the last month of the summer in Amsterdam, is also an agreeable month, with an average temperature fluctuating between 21.6°C (70.9°F) and 15°C (59°F). August is the warmest month, with an average high-temperature of 21.6°C (70.9°F) and an average low-temperature of 15°C (59°F). Weather in August »

Weather in September

The first month of the autumn, September, is still a comfortable month in Amsterdam, Netherlands, with temperature in the range of an average low of 12.5°C (54.5°F) and an average high of 18.2°C (64.8°F). In Amsterdam, the average high-temperature in September marginally drops from a pleasant 21.6°C (70.9°F) in August to a comfortable 18.2°C (64.8°F). Weather in September »

Weather in October

October, the same as September, in Amsterdam, Netherlands, is another mild autumn month, with temperature in the range of an average low of 9.5°C (49.1°F) and an average high of 14.6°C (58.3°F). In October, the average high-temperature slightly decreases from an enjoyable 18.2°C (64.8°F) in September to a mild 14.6°C (58.3°F). Weather in October »

Weather in November

The last month of the autumn, November, is another chilly month in Amsterdam, Netherlands, with an average temperature fluctuating between 9.6°C (49.3°F) and 6.1°C (43°F). In November, the average high-temperature drops from a mild 14.6°C (58.3°F) in October to a chilly 9.6°C (49.3°F). Weather in November »

Weather in December

December, the first month of the winter in Amsterdam, is also a frosty month, with an average temperature ranging between max 6.8°C (44.2°F) and min 3.8°C (38.8°F). In December, the average high-temperature is relatively the same as in November - a still chilly 6.8°C (44.2°F). Weather in December »
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FAQ

What is the coldest month in Amsterdam?

January is the coldest month in Amsterdam, with an average high-temperature of 5.3°C (41.5°F) and an average low-temperature of 2.4°C (36.3°F).

How many days does it rain in Amsterdam?

Throughout the year, there are 189.3 rainfall days, and 510mm (20.08") of precipitation is accumulated.

When does it snow in Amsterdam?

Months with snowfall in Amsterdam are January through March, November and December.

How much does it snow in Amsterdam?

Throughout the year, in Amsterdam, there are 11 snowfall days, and 54mm (2.13") of snow is accumulated.

What months are the sea coldest in Amsterdam?

January and February, with an average sea temperature of 6.4°C (43.5°F), are months with the coldest seawater.

When is the lowest UV index in Amsterdam?

The months with the lowest UV index in Amsterdam are January, February, November and December, with an average maximum UV index of 2.

When does it snow the most in Amsterdam?

The month with the most snowfall is February, when snow falls for 3.8 days and typically aggregates up to 22mm (0.87") of snow.

When is Daylight Saving Time (DST) in Amsterdam?

On Sunday, 27. March 2022, at 02:00, Daylight Saving Time starts in Amsterdam, Netherlands, and the time zone changes from CET to CEST. Daylight Saving Time ends on Sunday, 30. October 2022, at 03:00, and the time zone reverts from CEST to CET.

What is the least humid month in Amsterdam?

April is the least humid month in Amsterdam, with an average relative humidity of 75%.

What is the driest month in Amsterdam?

April is the month with the least rainfall in Amsterdam, Netherlands. Rain falls for 12.2 days and accumulates 18mm (0.71") of precipitation.

When it does not snow in Amsterdam?

April through October are months without snowfall in Amsterdam.

When are the longest days in Amsterdam?

June has the longest days of the year, with an average of 16h and 43min of daylight.

What are the months with the most sunshine in Amsterdam?

The months with the most sunshine in Amsterdam are June and July, with an average of 9.7h of sunshine.

What are the months with the highest UV index in Amsterdam?

The months with the highest UV index in Amsterdam are June through August, with an average maximum UV index of 5.

What is the warmest month in Amsterdam?

The warmest month in Amsterdam, Netherlands, is August, with an average high-temperature of 21.6°C (70.9°F) and an average low-temperature of 15°C (59°F).

What is the rainiest month in Amsterdam?

The month with the most rainfall is August, when the rain falls for 18.8 days and typically aggregates up to 55mm (2.17") of precipitation.

What is the month with the warmest sea water in Amsterdam?

With an average sea temperature of 18.3°C (64.9°F), August is the month with the warmest seawater in Amsterdam.

What is the most humid month in Amsterdam?

December is the most humid month in Amsterdam, with an average relative humidity of 86%.

What is the month with the shortest days in Amsterdam?

December has the shortest days of the year, with an average of 7h and 47min of daylight.

What is the month with the least sunshine in Amsterdam?

With an average of 3.5h of sunshine, December has the least sunshine of the year in Amsterdam.

Average pressure
Amsterdam, Netherlands

Average pressure - Amsterdam, Netherlands

The month with the highest atmospheric pressure is September (1016.8mbar).
The month with the lowest atmospheric pressure is November (1011.2mbar).

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Average wind speed
Amsterdam, Netherlands

Average wind speed - Amsterdam, Netherlands

The windiest month (with the highest average wind speed) is December (20.4km/h).
The calmest months (with the lowest average wind speed) are July and August (13.2km/h).

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Average humidity
Amsterdam, Netherlands

Average humidity - Amsterdam, Netherlands

The month with the highest relative humidity is December (86%).
The month with the lowest relative humidity is April (75%).

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Average rainfall
Amsterdam, Netherlands

Average rainfall - Amsterdam, Netherlands

The wettest month (with the highest rainfall) is August (55mm).
The driest month (with the least rainfall) is April (18mm).

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Average rainfall days
Amsterdam, Netherlands

Average rainfall days - Amsterdam, Netherlands

The month with the highest number of rainy days is August (18.8 days).
The month with the least rainy days is April (12.2 days).

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Average snowfall
Amsterdam, Netherlands

Average snowfall - Amsterdam, Netherlands

The month with the highest snowfall is February (22mm).
The months with the least snowfall are April, May, June, July, August, September and October (0mm).

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Average snowfall days
Amsterdam, Netherlands

Average snowfall days - Amsterdam, Netherlands

The month with the highest number of snowfall days is February (3.8 days).
The months with the least snowfall days are May, June, July, August, September and October (0 days).

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Average sea temperature
Amsterdam, Netherlands

Average sea temperature - Amsterdam, Netherlands

The best month for swimming (with the highest average sea temperature) is August (18.3°C).
The coldest months (with the lowest average sea temperature) are January and February (6.4°C).

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Average daylight / Average sunshine
Amsterdam, Netherlands

Average daylight / Average sunshine - Amsterdam, Netherlands

The month with the longest days is June (Average daylight: 16h and 43min).
The month with the shortest days is December (Average daylight: 7h and 47min).

The months with the most sunshine are June and July (Average sunshine: 9h and 42min).
The month with the least sunshine is December (Average sunshine: 3h and 30min).

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Average sunshine days
Amsterdam, Netherlands

Average sunshine days - Amsterdam, Netherlands

The month with the most sunshine days is March (15.1 days).
The month with the least sunshine days is December (8 days).

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Average UV index
Amsterdam, Netherlands

Average UV index - Amsterdam, Netherlands

The months with the highest UV index are June, July and August (UV index 5).
The months with the lowest UV index are January, February, November and December (UV index 2).

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Average visibility
Amsterdam, Netherlands

Average visibility - Amsterdam, Netherlands

The months with the highest visibility are April, June and August (10km).
The months with the lowest visibility are January, February, March, May, July, September, October, November and December (9km).

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