Climate and monthly weather forecast
Florida, USA

Flag of Florida, USA
Flag of Florida, USA

The climate of Florida

Florida has a climate that ranges from a humid subtropical (Köppen climate classification Cfa) in its north and central parts to tropical (Köppen climate classification Aw) in the south.
The state has the Gulf of Mexico to the west, Alabama, and Georgia to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Straits of Florida to the south. Florida has the longest coastline and is the southernmost contiguous state of all American states. Most of the state is at sea level - low elevation, low latitude, and proximity to vast bodies of water significantly influence the climate.

Florida, the sunshine state, is the warmest of all American states with an average daily temperature of 70.7°F (21.5°C) and 2800 hours of sunlight over the year. Average high temperatures in July are in the 90°F (32.2°C) to 95°F (35°C) range, while average low temperatures in January are in the 40°F (4.4°C) to 45°F (7.2°C) range in the northern part and 60°F (15.6°C) to 65°F (18.3°C) range in the southern part of the state. The ocean acts as a temperature regulator due to which high temperatures rarely touch 100°F (37.8°C), and low temperatures seldom go below freezing in the north and rarely in south Florida. Snowfall is rare in the south and meager in the north during winter, but frost is common, while the fog is regular in all parts of the state.

The wet season lasts from May to October, as Florida records the highest rainfall of all American states. Annual precipitation is to the tune of 55" (1397mm), a majority of which occurs in summer and early autumn. Thunderstorms with rain are prevalent during the summer, especially in the afternoons. Florida is the lightning capital of the United States, with the highest number of lightning strikes in the country.
Hurricanes and tornadoes pose a regular threat from June to November due to proximity to the Atlantic Ocean and the absence of natural barriers such as hills and mountain ranges.

The dry season from November to April is sometimes very severe, although early winter sometimes sees light rainfall due to the passage of storms from the north. The Gulf Stream keeps temperatures warm up to a few miles inland from the coast throughout the year - in fact, Florida has the warmest ocean waters in the United States thanks to the tropical ocean current. African dust outbreaks during summer affect the air quality of the state, which has the cleanest air quality of all American states.

The best time to visit Florida

The best time to visit Florida is during spring from March to Mid-May when the weather is pleasant, with temperatures relatively milder than the peak summer and clear skies.
The average sea temperature in the 70°F (21.1°C) to 75°F (23.9°C) range makes it refreshing for swimming and surfing.
Though the temperatures are not extreme in summer, it is a good idea to avoid it due to the arrival of the wet season and the increased probability of thunderstorms and hurricanes. Sometimes the hurricane season stretches until December, which makes it a little dicey to visit Florida in winter compared to the brilliant spring weather.

The worst time to visit Florida

August to October is the worst time to visit Florida during the wet season that lasts from May to October.
Thunderstorms and hurricanes pose a threat to the usually pristine weather, particularly from August to October. Afternoon storms are frequent from late spring to early fall with lightning and heavy rain. Hail often accompanies the storms that produce two-thirds of the annual precipitation of the state. Rain and stormy conditions can sometimes last until December in an odd year. The hurricane season seldom passes without a single storm that affects Florida.

Weather hazards

Florida is vulnerable to thunderstorms, tornadoes, and hurricanes in summer and autumn.
The wet season from May to October produces a majority of the rainfall but is also prone to storms and other hazards. Lightning strikes in Florida far outnumber any other state in the United States, and it leads all the other states in the number of tornadoes per area.
June to October is the official hurricane season with greater vulnerability from August to October. Florida is the most hurricane-prone state in America due to its latitudes and lengthy coastline and witnesses the highest number of category 4 or higher storms among all the states.

Weather in January

January is the coldest month of the year in Florida with the northern and panhandle areas such as Madison and Niceville around the freezing 35°F (1.7°C) to 37°F (2.8°C) average low-temperature range. Daytime high temperatures in the north are in the comfortable 62°F (16.7°C) to 70°F (21.1°C), while the south has warmer temperatures in the 68°F (20°C) to 76°F (24.4°C) range. El Nino winters tend to have cloudy skies and cooler temperatures. Weather in January »

Weather in February

February is a winter month in the dry season of Florida with the average low temperatures in the mild to cold 40°F (4.4°C) to 60°F (15.6°C) zone and the average high temperatures in the warm 65°F (18.3°C) to 75°F (23.9°C) range across different areas of the state. Tallahassee, the capital of the state, which lies in the Florida Panhandle, sees average temperatures in the 42°F (5.6°C) to 68°F (20°C) range. Weather in February »

Weather in March

March is a dry month that begins the spring season in Florida. Rain is in meager quantities, and the warmth increases with the advent of spring. Mangroves dominate the coast going southward from Cocoa Beach, while salt-water marshes rule them going up north. Weather in March »

Weather in April

April is one of the best times to be in Florida as spring spreads its aroma and touch across the land. Few places in the continental United States match the perfect weather conditions on so large an area and provide access to such a long coastline as Florida. Most of the state sees average temperatures in the warm 55°F (12.8°C) to 85°F (29.4°C) range. Weather in April »

Weather in May

May is a transitional month from the dry to wet season. Sunny days abound with rain in between, to average 4" (102mm) across different regions of the state. Day highs range from 80°F (26.7°C) to 90°F (32.2°C) in the Everglades in the south, while lows in Jasper in the north are between 60°F (15.6°C) and 65°F (18.3°C). The end of spring increases the relative humidity to 75%, with an increase in the incidence of thunderstorms, particularly in the afternoons. Florida is never short of sunshine, and May is no exception as the sun breaks through the cloud cover repeatedly. Rain marks its presence over the state as Ft. Weather in May »

Weather in June

June is summer in Florida, and the wet season is in full force. Across the state, average high temperatures are between 88°F (31.1°C) and 90°F (32.2°C) whereas humidity crosses 75% but is a touch short of 80%. Rain sees a pickup everywhere with an average of 7" (178mm) across the state. Weather in June »

Weather in July

July is the hottest month of the year in Florida with average high temperatures of 90°F (32.2°C) to 92°F (33.3°C). Temperatures seldom cross 95°F (35°C) and rarely go beyond 100°F (37.8°C) in any part of the state with the southern part a few degrees warmer compared to the north. July also tends to be the wettest month with an average of 8" (203mm) of rain. Weather in July »

Weather in August

August lies during the summer and has average high temperatures slightly below the 90°F (32.2°C) mark over the state. It is generally wet with 6" (152mm) of rain across the state, but more significantly, it is prone to hurricanes and tornadoes. La Nina summers produce dry summers, are susceptible to wildfires, and an increase in hurricane activity. Weather in August »

Weather in September

September starts the autumn season that sees the average high temperatures drop to the 83°F (28.3°C) to 85°F (29.4°C) range. Rain does not fall short of expectations and is to the tune of 7" (178mm), but a majority of it falls during the passing of storms. Weather in September »

Weather in October

October lies during the autumn in Florida and is the end of the wet season. By the end of the month, the number of storms reduces substantially, although a few hurricanes may stretch beyond the season. Average high temperatures drop in the 80°F (26.7°C) to 82°F (27.8°C), while the average low temperatures are in the 60°F (15.6°C) to 75°F (23.9°C) across the state. The sunshine lasts up to 7 hours a day, there is no shortage of sunny days, although the cloud cover and rain is substantial to the tune of an average of 5" (127mm) across the state. Nights are colder than the days as Crestview in the Florida Panhandle registers one of the lowest average temperatures of 54°F (12.2°C). It is advisable to avoid Florida in October as better times in the dry season lie ahead - it is prudent to wait for the end of the hurricane season as nature and intensity of the ocean waves due to the impact of the storms is highly unpredictable. Weather in October »

Weather in November

November ends the autumn and starts the transition to the dry season in Florida. Most of the state sees average high temperatures ranging from 75°F (23.9°C) to 78°F (25.6°C). Most of the storm activity ceases by November, and the weather is pleasant with mild temperatures, a drop in humidity levels, and rainfall. Weather in November »

Weather in December

December is a winter month in Florida, which has the mildest winters in the continental United States. The average high temperatures are from 62°F (16.7°C) to 65°F (18.3°C) in the Florida Panhandle, while the average low temperatures are between 40°F (4.4°C) and 45°F (7.2°C). Weather in December »


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